Renewal Rates and Bailout Provisions

An annuity bailout provision is a clause that allows the withdrawal of money without penalties. The annuity owner can withdraw if the interest rate drops below a specified minimum. They will be able to surrender the annuity without charges when the rate falls. This clause provides flexibility in uncertain interest rate conditions, but not all annuities have this provision.

Brandon Renfro, Ph.D., CFP®, RICP®, EA, expert contributor
  • Written By
    Brandon Renfro, Ph.D., CFP®, RICP®, EA

    Brandon Renfro, Ph.D., CFP®, RICP®, EA

    Co-Owner of Belonging Wealth Management

    As a Certified Financial Planner™ professional and Retired Income Certified Professional®, Brandon Renfro is well-versed in the financial information and strategies needed to meet retirement goals. In addition to co-owning Belonging Wealth Management and assisting clients, Brandon writes regularly for financial publications.

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  • Edited By
    Lamia Chowdhury
    Headshot of Lamia Chowdhury, editor for

    Lamia Chowdhury

    Financial Editor

    Lamia Chowdhury is a financial editor at Lamia carries an extensive skillset in the content marketing field, and her work as a copywriter spans industries as diverse as finance, health care, travel and restaurants.

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  • Financially Reviewed By
    Stephen Kates, CFP®

    Stephen Kates, CFP®

    Principal Financial Analyst for

    Stephen Kates, CFP® is a personal finance expert specializing in financial planning and education. He serves as the Principal Financial Analyst for, where he delves into industry trends to support consumers and financial advisors on wealth management, annuities, retirement planning, and investing.

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  • Updated: October 30, 2023
  • 3 min read time
  • This page features 5 Cited Research Articles

Key Takeaways

  • A renewal rate is the new rate your annuity will earn after an initial period.
  • Bailout provisions allow you to surrender your annuity without incurring penalties.
  • Before surrendering your annuity, explore alternative options, understand potential tax implications and consider a tax-efficient strategy such as a 1035 exchange for reinvesting your money.

What Is a Renewal Rate?

The renewal rate is the interest rate the insurance company sets at the end of an annuity’s contract term. This rate can be lower than short-term interest rates, depending upon the performance of the funds in the insurer’s portfolio.

For example, if you purchase a fixed index annuity when interest rates are high, the guaranteed interest rate the insurer offers will reflect the current interest rate environment. Because annuities are long-term investments, the insurer will reinvest any earnings from the contract. If rates fall over the course of the contract term, the insurance company will set a new, lower rate based on the assets it currently owns.

Annuities are not usually known for their flexibility. However, exploring options or riders that allow you to pivot when you need to can pay off over a multi-decade retirement plan.

How Do Renewal Rates Work?

When a fixed annuity is issued, the fixed rate is in force for a specified period. After this initial period, the interest rate may be reset to a different rate called the renewal rate. 

Some fixed annuity contracts include bailout provisions. Also known as “bailout clauses,” these are triggered when the contract renewal rate or cap rate falls below a predetermined interest rate.

When the initial period is over, an annuity owner may invoke the bailout provision — if included in the contract — and surrender the annuity without paying surrender charges. One may choose to do this if the renewal rate is too low.

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What Is a Bailout Provision?

A bailout provision is an annuity contract provision that allows the annuity owner to surrender the annuity contract without incurring the typical surrender charges when certain conditions are met. Typically, bailout provisions allow the annuity owner to pull their money if rate caps or renewal rates on a fixed annuity fall below a specified level.

If economic conditions force the insurer to reduce your renewal rate to a level that triggers the bailout provision, you will have the option of surrendering your contract.

The Importance of Renewal Rates and Bailout Provisions

As with any contract, you need to understand your annuity contract’s terms and conditions. Since annuities are part of your financial plan, you also need to understand how various factors could affect you in the future.

It’s best to have a plan in place before it’s time to act. When you initially purchase your annuity, it may help to project the effects of various renewal rates on your plan. That way, you’ll already know what you will do if your renewal rate is ever lower than what would be acceptable.

How To Take Advantage of a Bailout Provision

If you decide to surrender your annuity, you will need to consider how you will reinvest your money and adjust your retirement plan.

Talk to your financial advisor about other types of annuities or alternative financial vehicles before you complete a bailout request form. Your advisor will apprise you of any tax implications that may exist and suggest strategies for limiting your tax exposure. For example, the Internal Revenue Code states that “no gain or loss shall be recognized on the exchange of an annuity contract for another annuity contract.” This is known as a 1035 exchange because it is governed by Section 1035(a)(3) of the IRC.

If the annuity contract was originally funded from qualified retirement dollars, the annuity can be surrendered back to an IRA without tax implications. Additionally, annuities can be 1035 exchanged into long-term care policies.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Renewal Rates and Bailout Provisions

Can my renewal rate go down?

Yes, your renewal rate can be lower than your initial rate.

Should I surrender my annuity if I have a bailout provision?

The bailout provision allows you to surrender your annuity in certain situations, but that doesn’t mean you should. Consider your alternatives and whether or not the annuity still provides the benefits you need.

Please seek the advice of a qualified professional before making financial decisions.
Last Modified: October 30, 2023
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