Interest Rate Floors

Insurance companies set minimum interest rates called interest rate floors to protect annuity owners from downturns in current rates. These floors guarantee that a predetermined interest rate will be credited to the underlying investment funds of a fixed or indexed annuity. Variable annuities do not have the protection of interest rate floors, but they also don’t have limits on gains.

Kim Borwick, Financial Editor for Annuity.org
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    Kim Borwick is a writer and editor who studies financial literacy and retirement annuities. She has extensive experience with editing educational content and financial topics for Annuity.org.

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  • Updated: September 13, 2022
  • This page features 4 Cited Research Articles
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APA Borwick, K. (2022, September 13). Interest Rate Floors. Annuity.org. Retrieved September 24, 2022, from https://www.annuity.org/annuities/rates/floors/

MLA Borwick, Kim. "Interest Rate Floors." Annuity.org, 13 Sep 2022, https://www.annuity.org/annuities/rates/floors/.

Chicago Borwick, Kim. "Interest Rate Floors." Annuity.org. Last modified September 13, 2022. https://www.annuity.org/annuities/rates/floors/.

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To understand how interest rate floors work, you need to know a little bit about the types of annuities and how interest is credited to each.

Fixed Annuities (FIAs)
The insurance company sets a declared rate that is credited for the guaranteed term. The term is typically one year for traditional fixed annuities and three to 10 years for multi-year guaranteed annuities.
Indexed
Interest is credited based on the performance of a stock market index. Most indexed annuities also offer the option of allocating a portion of the premium to a bucket of fixed investments. In such cases, the annuity uses an indexed strategy and a fixed strategy. The funds allocated to the fixed bucket earn interest in the same way traditional fixed annuities earn interest.
Variable
Unless it allows you to allocate a portion of your premium to a fixed account, a variable annuity will have no minimum guaranteed interest rate. It will, however, have unlimited upside potential because interest is credited based on the performance of the selected investments. According to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, “the money in the [variable] account will vary according to the amount of premiums you pay, the amount of contract fees and expenses, and the performance of the investment options you choose.”

In addition to these basic interest crediting methods, specific pricing levers make it possible for insurance companies to provide their clients with annuity income benefits. One of these levers is the interest rate floor.

What Is an Interest Rate Floor?

An interest rate floor is simply a minimum interest rate that is credited to an annuity’s underlying investment portfolio. Regardless of the market and the performance of the insurance company’s own investments, it must honor the minimum interest rate stated in the contract.

According to Wink Intel, fixed and multi-year guaranteed annuities generally offer a minimum guaranteed floor of 1 percent or more, whereas indexed annuities offer a guaranteed floor of no less than 0.00 percent.

This floor protects the annuity owner from the negative effects of declining interest rates. Thus, fixed annuities are considered a safer option than variable annuities.

Indexed annuities, which are also subject to caps, spreads and participation rates, are considered moderate-risk products. The average interest rate floor for an indexed annuity ranges from 1 to 3 percent on at least 87.5 percent of the premium paid.

Please seek the advice of a qualified professional before making financial decisions.
Last Modified: September 13, 2022

4 Cited Research Articles

Annuity.org writers adhere to strict sourcing guidelines and use only credible sources of information, including authoritative financial publications, academic organizations, peer-reviewed journals, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts. You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.

  1. Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. (2022, July 14). The Complicated Risks and Rewards of Indexed Annuities. Retrieved from https://www.finra.org/investors/insights/complicated-risks-and-rewards-indexed-annuities
  2. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. (2008, November 16). Comment Letter: File Number S7‐14‐08, Proposed Rule 151A. Retrieved from https://www.sec.gov/comments/s7-14-08/s71408-2797.pdf
  3. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. (n.d.). Variable Annuities. Retrieved from https://www.investor.gov/introduction-investing/investing-basics/investment-products/insurance-products/variable-annuities
  4. Wink Intel. (2021). Annuities 101. Retrieved from https://www.winkintel.com/insurance-basics/annuities/