What Determines Life Insurance Quotes?
Life insurance quotes are estimates of how much you will have to pay in premiums for a specific amount of coverage. Life insurance companies create quotes based on information you provide about yourself.
Information Companies Use To Determine Life Insurance Quotes
- Smoking status
- Coverage amount
- Type of policy (term or permanent)
- Length of term (if you choose term life insurance)
- Whole or universal life (if you choose permanent life insurance)
- Riders (add-ons you can choose for an extra cost)
- Payment schedule (annually, semi-annually, monthly)
Each company uses its own formula for determining how this information translates into an estimate of your yearly or monthly premiums.
5 Steps To Compare Life Insurance Quotes
It’s important to know what your life insurance needs are before comparing quotes. This will allow you to compare policies that all address the type and amount of policies that meet your needs and goals.
Here are five steps to help you narrow down your options before comparing quotes.
Step 1: Pick Your Policy Type
There are two basic types of life insurance policies — term life and permanent life insurance. Permanent life also has two types — whole and universal. These different policy types have very different functions, features and rates that can vary widely.
- Term Life
- Term life insurance is purchased for a specific number or years — the term. If you die within that term, the insurance company pays a death benefit to your beneficiaries. If you outlive the term, you receive nothing. This tends to be much cheaper than permanent life insurance.
- Whole Life
- Whole life insurance is permanent life insurance. It stays in effect for as long as you live. It also has a cash component that allows you to accumulate cash value in the policy. The amount you must pay towards the premium could fluctuate based on dividends or cash value contribution towards the premium, but the required premium won’t rise over time.
- Universal Life
- Universal life insurance is a type of permanent life insurance combining a cash value component with life-long protection. Your premiums are guaranteed to never increase.
Types of Life Insurance Policies
Choosing the right type is critical when buying life insurance — and when getting quotes.
You want to choose a policy type before asking for quotes so that you’re actually comparing quotes for similar coverage. Otherwise, you won’t get a good comparison on coverage or cost.
Step 2: Determine How Much Coverage You Need
It’s important to determine how much life insurance you need. This will be the coverage amount your policy provides.
You’ll want to compare different policies that provide the same coverage.
In some cases, a policy that provides more coverage will actually have lower premiums. This is because some companies offer discount rates if you buy the higher coverage. Consider this when comparing quotes.
Step 3: Weigh the Policies’ Underwriting and Approval Process
Familiarize yourself with each company’s underwriting and approval process. These can derail your insurance application if they don’t go in your favor.
Underwriting is the company’s process of determining its risk in insuring you. This often means a medical exam and requiring other information to better estimate your life expectancy.
The insurer will want information on existing medical conditions, your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, medications you’re taking and other risk factors.
You may also have to provide family medical histories of heart disease, cancer, diabetes or other serious conditions.
Step 4: Compare Payment Schedules
You may be able to get lower premiums if you pay your premiums once a year or once every quarter rather than monthly.
Insurance companies may have several payment schedule options. Monthly premiums may be more convenient for you, but they may cost you more.
Ask about discounts for different payment options and consider how those affect your bottom line.
Step 5: Check Rider Options
Riders are add-on features to a basic life insurance contract. They provide extra coverage or options — and they typically come at added cost.
Examples of Life Insurance Riders
- Accelerated death benefits — allows you to access your death benefits while you’re still alive if you are diagnosed with a terminal or serious medical condition.
- Accidental death (double indemnity) rider — typically doubles your death benefit if you die in an accident covered by the policy.
- Child term benefits — pays a death benefit if your child dies within a specific term during which the rider is in effect.
- Long-term care rider — allows you to access the death benefit while still alive to pay for long-term care.
- Waiver of premium — waives your premiums if you are disabled or critically ill and can no longer work or pay premiums as a result.
How To Compare Life Insurance Companies
You should consider the history and financial strength of an insurance company before buying a policy. Life insurance promises a pay out years or decades into the future. You want to make sure the company will be around.
There are five independent agencies — AM Best, Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s, Kroll Bond rating and Fitch — that rank insurance companies based on their financial strength.
You can check with these firms to see how they rate different insurers — don’t rely on what a company says about its rating from them. Each company has different rating systems. Check with each to see what its best and worst ratings are — an A+ rating from one may be less than an A+ rating from another.
Contact the Independent Insurance Rating Agencies
|NAME & WEBSITE||PHONE NUMBER|
|Kroll Bond Rating Agency (KBRA)||646-731-2368|
|Standard & Poor’s Insurance Rating Service||212-438-2000|
You will have to register to use the Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s websites, but each provides free services.
J.D. Power — the consumer research, data and analytics firm — also produces an annual report on select life insurance companies based on customer satisfaction. Though this tends to be a short list of some of the larger insurance companies.
Are Life Insurance Quotes Accurate?
Because there are so many variables — age, gender, health, family medical history and so on — it’s difficult to determine how accurate a life insurance quote will be.
It will likely be less accurate with a simple online calculator than with a life insurance agent or broker who can ask you more detailed questions about your personal situation.
Either way, remember that a quote is simply an estimate. It is not an offer or a guarantee of exactly how much life insurance costs.
You may be required to provide additional documented information and a medical exam. Your actual cost may differ from the quote you receive, but you can still use a quote as a starting point for comparing costs.