Anthony Termini, Financial Expert
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    Anthony Termini

    Anthony Termini

    Expert Contributor

    Anthony Termini is a financial writer, investment analyst and stock market commentator. He has held Series 3, Series 7, Series 8, Series 63 and Series 65 licenses. A subject matter expert in multiple asset classes, Anthony has a comprehensive understanding of portfolio construction, asset allocation, diversification, portfolio management, retirement planning, investment taxes, size-and-style allocation, efficient frontier and total-return strategy — among other topics.

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    Kim Borwick
    Kim Borwick, Financial Editor for

    Kim Borwick

    Financial Editor

    Kim Borwick is a writer and editor who studies financial literacy and retirement annuities. She has extensive experience with editing educational content and financial topics for

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  • Published: July 21, 2020
  • 4 min read time
  • This page features 10 Cited Research Articles
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APA Termini, A. (2022, November 21). Protecting Stock Market Gains in a Pandemic. Retrieved June 9, 2023, from

MLA Termini, Anthony. "Protecting Stock Market Gains in a Pandemic.", 21 Nov 2022,

Chicago Termini, Anthony. "Protecting Stock Market Gains in a Pandemic." Last modified November 21, 2022.

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The Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 are flirting with all-time highs. The NASDAQ Composite Index continues to shatter records. But there is a disconnect between what’s happening in the stock market and what’s happening in the U.S. economy. The markets appear to be ignoring how the coronavirus could affect valuation.

Factors Currently Moving Stock Prices

Stock prices appear to be fueled by two important drivers: optimism that a coronavirus vaccine is just around the corner and a flood of liquidity from the Federal Reserve. The profound shift in the way people are interacting with one another contributes an additional dynamic.

Family gatherings take place online, and business meetings are conducted over video conferencing applications. This phenomenon has sparked a surge in technology stocks, including shares of companies that provide these services and those that own the data, systems, and machinery the services rely on. Online retailers and streaming entertainment providers have also seen huge spikes in business.

Big technology companies are responsible for a large part of the markets’ advances. This is because the major indexes are all capitalization weighted. The bigger a company is, the more influence it has on the price of the index. And technology names represent a significant portion of the Dow, about a third of the S&P, and nearly all of NASDAQ.

But equity markets seem to be dismissing the effect of the pandemic on the economy.

The Disconnect Between Fundamentals and Stock Prices

According to the latest report by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, real gross domestic product (GDP) declined by 4.4 percent in the first quarter of 2020. At the same time, corporate profits declined by more than $482 billion.

Consumers who could make up some of those losses face the highest unemployment numbers since the Great Depression. More than 11 percent of American workers are unemployed. And there is no clear indication that things will turn around anytime soon.

During a virtual event hosted by the National Association for Business Economics, Lael Brainard, a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve told attendees that “the pandemic remains the key driver of the economy’s course,” warning that “a thick fog of uncertainty still surrounds us, and downside risks predominate.”

That downside risk to the economy could manifest as lower stock prices.

The Coronavirus Pandemic Creates a Two-Fold Problem for Stocks

The pandemic has created an uncertain environment. That alone could be enough to halt the markets’ recent advances and hasten a reversal. If there is one thing equity markets cannot long tolerate it is uncertainty. The pandemic also poses another threat to stock prices in the form of corporate earnings.

When second quarter GDP is reported later in the year the number will likely confirm current running estimates that the economy contracted by more than 35 percent in the three months ended June 30. The RAND Corporation estimates that COVID-19 mitigation efforts so far in 2020 have created a $2.8 trillion loss in aggregate U.S. national income. This could have a detrimental effect on corporate earnings.

The link between earnings and stock prices is direct and powerful. There is no greater correlation. With few exceptions, earnings determine stock price. If the pandemic prolongs or worsens the current recession, earnings will fall. This presents a significant problem for stocks currently trading as if the pandemic doesn’t exist.

Where Can Investors Turn to Protect Stock Market Gains

Investors seeking to protect recent stock market gains can look to annuities. Although these insurance products are intended to augment retirement income, they can offer modest but reliable investment portfolio growth.

By including variable annuities in a long-term diversified investment program, you can grow your investments while maintaining a measure of downside protection. Annuity providers typically guarantee contract owners a return of their premium for a variable annuity.

As a result, even if your underlying portfolio accounts fall below your contract value, a variable annuity will still return the full amount of your initial investment.

A variable annuity potentially subjects you to a zero-percent return if the portfolio loses money. However, it won’t put your principal at risk.

In an environment as uncertain as that which has been created by the coronavirus, the peace of mind an annuity can offer is a reasonable strategy for protecting recent stock market gains.


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Last Modified: November 21, 2022

10 Cited Research Articles writers adhere to strict sourcing guidelines and use only credible sources of information, including authoritative financial publications, academic organizations, peer-reviewed journals, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts. You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.

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  2. Chilkoti, A. & Osipovich, A. (2020, July 10). The Wall Street Journal. Stocks Shrug Off Virus Worries, Log Weekly Gains. Retrieved from
  3. Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2020, July 2). News Release: The Employment Situation – June 2020. Retrieved from
  4. Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2020, June 25). News Release: Gross Domestic Product, 1st Quarter 2020 (Third Estimate); Corporate Profits, 1st Quarter 2020 (Revised Estimate). Retrieved from
  5. Dunsmuir, L. & Schneider, H. (2020, July 14). Fed officials warn on 'thick fog' ahead for U.S. economy as recovery concerns deepen. Retrieved from
  6. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. (2020, July 9). GDPNow. Retrieved from
  7. Sparshott, J. (2020, Jul 10). The Wall Street Journal. Newsletter: Growth Hinges on Containing Covid-19. Retrieved from
  8. Marte, J. & Schneider, H. (2020, March 12). Reuters. Fed provides massive liquidity injection to calm markets amid signs of stress. Retrieved from
  9. Roberts, L. (2020, July 12). Seeking Alpha. This Is Nuts... Again. Reducing Risk As Tech Goes 1999. Retrieved from
  10. Jasinski, N. (2020, July 13). Barron’s. Second-Quarter Earnings Season Will Be Ugly. Here’s What to Expect. Retrieved from