Mass Affluent

Mass affluent households comprise the nation’s largest group of affluent consumers. These individuals have liquid assets greater than $100,000 but less than $1 million, putting them in a wealth bracket just below high-net-worth individuals. Mass affluent people tend to be older, more educated and married.

Jennifer Schell headshot
  • Written By
    Jennifer Schell

    Jennifer Schell

    Financial Writer

    Jennifer Schell is a professional writer focused on demystifying annuities and other financial topics including banking, financial advising and insurance. She is proud to be a member of the National Association for Fixed Annuities (NAFA) as well as the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (NAIFA).

    Read More
  • Edited By
    Savannah Hanson
    Savannah Hanson, financial editor for

    Savannah Hanson

    Senior Financial Editor

    Savannah Hanson is an accomplished writer, editor and content marketer. She joined as a financial editor in 2021 and uses her passion for educating readers on complex topics to guide visitors toward the path of financial literacy.

    Read More
  • Financially Reviewed By
    Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPA
    Thomas Brock, CFA, CPA, expert contributor to

    Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPA

    Expert Contributor

    Thomas Brock, CFA®, CPA, is a financial professional with over 20 years of experience in investments, corporate finance and accounting. He currently oversees the investment operation for a $4 billion super-regional insurance carrier.

    Read More
  • Updated: February 20, 2023
  • 3 min read time
  • This page features 6 Cited Research Articles
Fact Checked
Fact Checked partners with outside experts to ensure we are providing accurate financial content.

These reviewers are industry leaders and professional writers who regularly contribute to reputable publications such as the Wall Street Journal and The New York Times.

Our expert reviewers review our articles and recommend changes to ensure we are upholding our high standards for accuracy and professionalism.

Our expert reviewers hold advanced degrees and certifications and have years of experience with personal finances, retirement planning and investments.

Cite Us
How to Cite's Article

APA Schell, J. (2023, February 20). Mass Affluent. Retrieved April 1, 2023, from

MLA Schell, Jennifer. "Mass Affluent.", 20 Feb 2023,

Chicago Schell, Jennifer. "Mass Affluent." Last modified February 20, 2023.

Why Trust
Why You Can Trust
Content created by and sponsored by our affiliates. has been providing consumers with the tools and knowledge needed to confidently make financial decisions since 2013.

We accept limited advertising on our site to help fund our work, including the use of affiliate links. We may earn a commission when you click on the links at no additional cost to you.

The content and tools created by adhere to strict editorial guidelines to ensure quality and transparency.
Key Takeaways
  • Mass affluent individuals have between $100,000 and $1 million in liquid assets and an annual household income exceeding $75,000 a year.
  • They are one of the largest consumer segments in the country, making up roughly a quarter of the population.

What Is Mass Affluent?

Mass affluent refers to individuals in the largest group of affluent consumers in the nation. These households would be considered part of the middle class but have above-average income and an above-average amount of liquid assets, which are not tied up in land, houses or cars.

There is some overlap between the mass affluent and the upper middle class, but these two terms are not synonymous. The determining factor to classify someone as upper middle class is how much income they make. Whereas mass affluent people are generally defined not only by income but by their liquid assets.

Criteria To Be Considered Mass Affluent

The criteria to be considered mass affluent includes the person’s income and amount of liquid assets. Individuals with mass affluence have liquid assets valued between $100,000 and $1,000,000.

Mass affluent individuals have an annual household income exceeding $75,000 a year. These are usually workers in white-collar careers with significant savings and retirement funds. They likely have a decent understanding of wealth management and personal finance.

In addition to net worth criteria, there are certain economic and demographic characteristics that can be associated with mass affluent people. Over 40% of mass affluent people in America are part of the baby boomer generation, according to data from Customer Communications Group.

Mass affluent people are more likely to be married, and many of them have post-graduate degrees and maintain retirement accounts. They are also differentiated from other wealth segments by their propensity to travel.Certified Financial Planner™ R.J. Weiss categorized mass affluent individuals by the lifestyle they can afford. “Mass affluent individuals are typically financially secure and able to afford a very comfortable lifestyle,” said Weiss, “but they’re not buying multi-million dollar homes or top-end cars.”

What’s the Difference Between Mass Affluent and High Net Worth?

The biggest difference between mass affluent and high-net-worth individuals is the amount of assets they’ve amassed. High-net-worth individuals have even more assets than the mass affluent.

A high-net-worth individual has over $1 million in liquid assets. Someone with at least $5 million in assets is classified as a very high-net-worth individual, and those with at least $10 million in assets are ultra-high-net-worth individuals.

Once someone crosses the threshold of having a high net worth, they may be able to access special privileges from financial institutions. These privileges could include investing in private equity funds and opportunities to become a shareholder in promising startups.

How Many People Are Considered To Be Mass Affluent in the United States?

According to a recent study by Spectrem Group, there are 32.3 million mass affluent households in the United States.

This means that mass affluent households make up one of the larger wealth brackets in the country, comprising roughly 26% of the 123 million total U.S. households.

In contrast, households with a net worth greater than $1 million, represent roughly 10% of the country. The largest net worth bracket comprises households with a positive net worth under $100,000, roughly 65.2 million households. Finally, 13.4 million households in America have a negative net worth.

Mass Affluent and Other Wealth Brackets Pie Chart

Connect With a Financial Advisor Instantly

Our free tool can help you find an advisor who serves your needs. Get matched with a financial advisor who fits your unique criteria. Once you’ve been matched, consult for free with no obligation.

Please seek the advice of a qualified professional before making financial decisions.
Last Modified: February 20, 2023

6 Cited Research Articles writers adhere to strict sourcing guidelines and use only credible sources of information, including authoritative financial publications, academic organizations, peer-reviewed journals, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts. You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.

  1. McGee, M. (2022, December 30). What Does “Mass Affluent” Mean? Retrieved from
  2. Corporate Finance Institute. (2022, October 11). High-Net-Worth Individual (HNWI). Retrieved from
  3. Sultan, G. (2022, February 16). Get To Know Mass Affluent Customers’ Digital Banking Habits. Retrieved from
  4. Spectrem Group. (2021, March 15). Press Release: New Spectrem Study Reveals U.S. Household Wealth Climbed to Record Levels in 2020 After Rebounding From the March Pandemic-Related Market Crash. Retrieved from
  5. Kent, A. H., & Ricketts, L. R. (2020, December 2). Has Wealth Inequality in America Changed Over Time? Here Are Key Statistics. Retrieved from
  6. Synchrony Financial. (2016, September 15). The Affluent Household: A Segment on the Rise. Retrieved from