Property Taxes by State

Each state decides its own property tax rate, and the rates vary widely across the country. Depending on which state you live in, your property tax rate could be lower than 0.5% or higher than 2%. Read on to find out which states have the highest and lowest property tax rates, and which states offer property tax exemptions to homeowners who qualify.

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  • Written By
    Jennifer Schell, CAS®

    Jennifer Schell, CAS®

    Financial Writer, Certified Annuity Specialist®

    Jennifer Schell is a professional writer focused on demystifying annuities and other financial topics including banking, financial advising and insurance. She is proud to be a member of the National Association for Fixed Annuities (NAFA) as well as the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors (NAIFA).

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    Financial Editor

    Lamia Chowdhury is a financial editor at Annuity.org. Lamia carries an extensive skillset in the content marketing field, and her work as a copywriter spans industries as diverse as finance, health care, travel and restaurants.

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    Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPA
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    Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPA

    Investment, Corporate Finance and Accounting Professional

    Thomas Brock, CFA®, CPA, is a financial professional with over 20 years of experience in investments, corporate finance and accounting. He currently oversees the investment operation for a $4 billion super-regional insurance carrier.

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  • Updated: May 14, 2024
  • 4 min read time
  • This page features 10 Cited Research Articles

Property taxes are determined at the state and county levels, so how much you’ll pay in property taxes depends largely on where you live. In some states, an equalization requirement ensures that taxes are imposed uniformly throughout the state, while other states may have different tax rates in each county.

Which States Have the Highest Property Taxes?

The state with the highest property tax rate in 2021 was New Jersey at 2.49%. Second and third place went to Illinois with a 2.27% tax rate and New Hampshire at 2.18%. Vermont, Connecticut, Texas and Wisconsin also had property tax rates higher than most of the country.

Some states such as Texas and New Hampshire rely heavier on property taxes than other forms of taxation like state income tax, which is why they are ranked high. In other states like New Jersey and Illinois, higher property tax rates are matched by higher rates of other taxes.

Living in a state with higher property taxes can have its benefits. These taxes are generally allocated towards community resources such as schools, libraries and fire departments. Having well-funded community programs like these can take the sting out of paying higher property taxes.

Which States Have the Lowest Property Taxes?

In 2019, taxpayers in Hawaii had the lowest property tax rates of anywhere in the country at just 0.31%. The next lowest states were Alabama at 0.39% and Louisiana at 0.54%.

Generally, the states with lower property tax rates tend to be those in the southern and western parts of the country. The biggest exception to this rule is Hawaii, which has the lowest property tax rate in the country. However, Hawaii also has the highest median home value in the country, so homeowners’ property tax bills in the Aloha State are likely higher than those in the other states listed.

Living in a state with lower property taxes has the clear benefit of reducing the burden of homeownership on taxpayers. This can be especially crucial for young or lower-income home buyers looking to break into the housing market for the first time.

Highest and Lowest Property Taxes by State

Highest Property Tax Rate States Lowest Property Tax Rate States
#1 New Jersey – 2.21% #1 Hawaii – 0.31%
#2 Illinois – 2.05 #2 Alabama – 0.39%
#3 New Hampshire – 1.96% #3 Louisiana – 0.54%
#4 Vermont – 1.82% #4 Colorado – 0.54%
#5 Connecticut – 1.76% #5 West Virginia – 0.55%
#6 Texas – 1.66% #6 South Carolina – 0.56%
#7 Wisconsin – 1.63% #7 Wyoming – 0.56%
#8 Nebraska – 1.61% #8 Utah – 0.59%
#9 Ohio – 1.58% #9 Delaware – 0.59%
#10 Iowa – 1.50% #10 Nevada – 0.60%
Source: Tax Foundation

Which States Have Property Tax Exemptions

Every state offers some form of property tax exemption, which can be applied to your property tax bill to lower the amount you owe. The types of exemptions and their values vary by state and county.

The most common property tax exemption is the homestead exemption. Forty-six states offer this exemption on the taxpayer’s primary residence. The exemption protects a portion of the home’s assessed value from being taxed, which lowers the overall tax liability of the property.

States with No Property Tax on Cars

In addition to taxes on real estate property, which refers to commercial and residential buildings, many states also levy property taxes on vehicles such as cars and trucks. There are 23 states that do not have vehicle property taxes.

States with No Vehicle Property Tax

  • Alaska
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Maryland
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin

States with Property Tax Exemptions for Seniors

The 12 states listed below have property tax exemptions for homeowners over 65. In most cases, the exemption is a portion of the home’s value that can be added to the homestead exemption.

States with Property Tax Exemptions for Seniors

  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Mississippi
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Texas
  • Washington

States with No Property Tax for Veterans

While all 50 states offer some form of property tax exemption for veterans, there are 17 states with 100% exemptions for disabled veterans, meaning that these individuals do not pay property taxes.

States with No Property Tax for Disabled Veterans

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • Texas
  • Virginia

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Last Modified: May 14, 2024