Stock Market Holidays

The U.S. stock market closes for 10 federal holidays and shuts down early on certain other days during the year. The bond market holiday schedule is similar, with fewer full closures but more partial closures. Markets rarely close for longer than three days in a row, except in the event of major emergencies.

Terry Turner, Financial writer for
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  • Updated: April 28, 2023
  • 4 min read time
  • This page features 5 Cited Research Articles
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APA Turner, T. (2023, April 28). Stock Market Holidays. Retrieved June 8, 2023, from

MLA Turner, Terry. "Stock Market Holidays.", 28 Apr 2023,

Chicago Turner, Terry. "Stock Market Holidays." Last modified April 28, 2023.

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Key Takeaways

  • The U.S. stock market is closed for 10 federal holidays during the year.
  • If holidays land on weekends, the markets close on the Friday before or the Monday after the holiday.
  • The U.S. bond market follows a similar schedule as the stock market, but its closures are not identical.
  • Both markets also have partial holidays for which they close early.

Stock Market Holidays in 2023

The U.S. stock market, made up of stock exchanges like the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Nasdaq, closes on 10 weekday holidays in 2023. These closures align with federal holidays, including the new federal holiday, Juneteenth, which celebrates the end of slavery in America on June 19 annually.

The markets aren’t open on weekends, which means when a holiday occurs on a weekend, the closure comes on the Friday before or the Monday after. If the holiday falls on a Saturday, the stock market will close the day before. If the holiday lands on a Sunday, the stock market closes the following day.

Investor activity usually gets more volatile after longer breaks in the market, so market rules rarely allow closures for longer than three days in a row unless there’s an emergency. After terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, D.C., on Sept. 11, 2001, regulators closed markets for nearly a week.

Emergency closures also come when the country has a day of mourning for the death of a president or former president. In 2018, markets closed on Wednesday, Dec. 5, for the funeral of former President George H. W. Bush.

NASDAQ & NYSE Holidays in 2023


Date Observed
New Year’s Day Monday, Jan. 2
Martin Luther King Jr. Day Monday, Jan. 16
President’s Day Monday, Feb. 10
Good Friday Friday, April 7
Memorial Day Monday, May 29
Juneteenth Monday, June 19
Independence Day Tuesday, July 4
Labor Day Monday, Sept. 4
Thanksgiving Thursday, Nov. 23
Christmas Day Monday, Dec. 25

Additional Bond Market Holidays

The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA) recommends holiday closures for the bond market. It also suggests holiday structures for the United Kingdom and Japan. The holiday schedule is revised regularly. For instance, in 2023 SIFMA included Juneteenth on its list of holidays for the first time. It also opted not to close on Veterans Day.

The bond market’s holiday schedule largely follows that of the stock market, but they’re not identical. The bond market doesn’t close on Good Friday, though it does shut down early that day.

Additional Bond Market Holidays

  • Columbus Day
    (Monday, Oct. 9, 2023)
  • Veterans Day
    (although the bond market will not close on Veterans Day in 2023)

Stock markets are closed on holidays, during major emergencies and to observe solemn occasions. They are also closed as a result of dramatic intraday price declines. These closures, which can be as short as 15 minutes, are known as circuit breakers. They are designed to curb panic-induced selling.

Thomas J. Brock, CFA®, CPAExpert Contributor

Stock Market Early Closures

Besides the 10 federal holidays listed above, the stock market occasionally closes early. The stock market regularly operates on weekdays from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. EST. On early closure days, which are usually related to a nearby federal holiday, operations cease at 1 p.m. EST.

Early Stock Market Closing Days in 2023

  • Monday, July 3
    Day before Independence Day
  • Friday, Nov. 24
    Day after Thanksgiving, aka Black Friday
  • Friday, Dec. 22
    Christmas Eve, which falls on a Sunday in 2023

Additional Bond Market Early Closures

The bond market has several partial holidays, days on which it closes early. Regularly open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. EST, the bond market ceases operations at 2 p.m. EST on early closure days. Instead of closing entirely on Good Friday in 2023 (April 7), the bond market will close at noon to allow for the release of U.S. government employment data.

Bond Market Early Closing Days in 2023

  • Friday, April 7
    Good Friday (closes at 12 p.m. EDT)
  • Friday, May 26
    Day before Memorial Day closure (closes at 2 p.m. EDT)
  • Monday, July 3
    Day before Independence Day (closes at 2 p.m. EDT)
  • Friday, Nov. 24
    Day after Thanksgiving (closes at 2 p.m. EST)
  • Friday, Dec. 22
    Christmas Eve (closes at 2 p.m. EST)
  • Friday, Dec. 29
    New Year’s Eve (closes at 2 p.m. EST)

Planning Ahead

By planning ahead and keeping track of closure dates, you can avoid missing out on potential investment opportunities and ensure your portfolio is well-positioned for market fluctuations. Mark your calendar with the dates of market closures and take advantage of resources like courtesy reminders, like those sent by the Nasdaq to remind its customers of full days off and early closures.

With a bit of foresight and preparation, investors can navigate market closures with confidence and stay on track toward their investment goals.


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Last Modified: April 28, 2023

5 Cited Research Articles writers adhere to strict sourcing guidelines and use only credible sources of information, including authoritative financial publications, academic organizations, peer-reviewed journals, highly regarded nonprofit organizations, government reports, court records and interviews with qualified experts. You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.

  1. Woodley, K. (2022, December 19). Stock Market Holidays in 2023. Retrieved from
  2. Reuters Staff. (2018, December 3). US event, market closures for funeral of former President Bush. Retrieved from
  3. National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations. (n.d.). Holiday Trading Hours. Retrieved from
  4. New York Stock Exchange. (n.d.). Holidays & Trading Hours. Retrieved from
  5. Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association. (n.d.). Holiday Schedule. Retrieved from